We have drawn up an inventory of Mediterranean ponds in Catalonia based on existing data from literature and previous projects. The criteria for defining a Mediterranean temporary pond are based on previous studies, international conventions and European directives (Alonso, 1998; Boix et al., 2004; Grillas 2004; Camacho et al., 2009; Boix et al., 2016; RAMSAR Convention; Habitat Directive [European Directive 92/43/EEC]):

  • The hydrology depends on the meteorology.
  • The flooding cycle is annual, intermittent or seasonal.
  • The length of the hydroperiod allows an aquatic community to become established. One month has been defined as the minimum time.
  • The dry period is longer than one month.
  • The pond has defined limits.
  • The pond must be in the Mediterranean climate zone: with rainfall between 275 and 900 l/m2 year (mainly in spring and autumn) and mild winters. We considered that Mediterranean temporary ponds in Catalonia are below 800 metres.
  • The pond has to be shallower than 3 metres.
  • The pond is not in contact with permanent waters.


Bibliography

Alonso M., 1998. Las lagunas de la España peninsular. Limnetica 15:1–176

Boix D., S. Gascón, J. Gifre, R. Moreno-Amich, M. Martinoy, X. D. Quintana, J. Sala. 2004. Caracteritzacio, regionalització i elaboració d'eines d'establiment de l'estat ecológic de les zones humides de Catalunya. Agència Catalana de l’Aigua, Departament de Medi Ambient i Habitatge, Generalitat de Catalunya, Barcelona., 89p.

Grillas P., Gauthier P., Yavercovski N., Perennou C. 2004. Mediterranean temporary pools. Issues relating to conservation, functioning and management, vol 1. Station biologique de la Tour du Valat.

Camacho, A., Borja, C., Valero-Garcés, B., Sahuquillo, M., Cirujano, S., Soria, J. M, Rico, E., De La Hera, A., Santamans, A. C., García De Domingo, A., Chicote, A. & Gosálvez, R.U.. 2009. 3170 Lagunas y charcas temporales mediterráneas (). En: VV.AAAA., Bases ecológicas preliminares para la conservación de los tipos de hábitat de interés comunitario en España. Madrid: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, y Medio Rural y Marino. 87 p. European Commision DG Environment. 2013. Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats - EUR28. 146p.

Boix D., Kneitel J., Robson B.J., Duchet C., Zúñiga L., Day J., Gascón S., Sala J., Quintana X.D., Blaustein L. 2016. Invertebrates of Freshwater Temporary Ponds in Mediterranean Climates. Batzer D., Boix D. (eds.), Invertebrates in Freshwater Wetlands. 141-189.

Secretaría de la Convención de Ramsar. 2016. Introducción a la Convención sobre los Humedales. Gland, Suiza. 118 p.